Background information about the Lao education system, facts about the country, foreign institutions involved in the education system, information for travellers, publications on the Lao language and the country’s history.


On partnership

Boase, Bob (ed) (1997): Working with your Lao partner. (Canadian International Development Agency) (accessed May 1, 2017)


On the Lao education system  

Bäcktorp, Ann-Louise (2007): When the First-World-North Goes Local: Education and gender in post-revolution Laos. Doctoral dissertation, Faculty of Social Sciences: Umeå University. In:  (accessed June 13, 2016)

Benvenista, Luis & Marshall, Jeffrey & Santibanez, Lucrecia (2007): Teaching in Lao PDR. Vientiane: Human Development Sector, East Asia and the Pacific Region, the World Bank and Ministry of Education, Lao People’s Democratic Republic. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Chomsky, Noam (2005): At War With Asia. Oakland: AK Press.

Dorner, Daniel G./Gorman, G.E. (2011): “Contextual factors affecting learning in Laos and the implications for information literacy reduction”. Information Research, 15 (1) paper 479. In: (accessed June 13, 2016)

Faming, Manynooch (2007): Schooling in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic. P. 170-206. In: Postiglione, Gerard A. & Tan, Jason (2007): Going to School in East Asia. Londong: Greenwood Press.

Faming, Manynooch (2008): National integration: education for ethnic minorities of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic. PH. D Thesis. Hong Kong: University of Hong Kong. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Halpern, Joel & Tinsman, Marilyn C. (1966): “Education and Nation Building in Laos”. Comparative Education Review.  10 (3): 499-507. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Hays, Jeffrey (2008): “Education in Laos”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Hirosata, Yasushi & Kitamura, Yuto (2009): The Political Economy of Educational Reforms and Capacity Development in Southeast Asia – Cases of Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam. Political and Educational Reforms – google books (accessed June 13, 2016)

International Bureau of Education (2011): “World Data on Education. Lao People’s Democratic Republic”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

McDaniel, Justin Thomas (2008): Gathering Leaves and Lifting Words: Histories of Buddhist Monastic Education in Laos and Thailand. Washington: University of Washington Press.

Noonan, Richard (2011): Education in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic: confluence of history and vision. In: Brock, Colin/Pe Symaco, Lorraine (ed.). Education in South-East Asia, 69-94. Oxford: Symposium Books.

Noonan, Richard (2014): US Aid to Education in Laos, 1955-1975: A Contribution To Historical Comparative Education, Embedded In Time And Space. In: Journal of International and Comparative Education. Vol. 3 Issue 1. P. 153-169                      (accessed June 13, 2016)

Save the Children (2015): “Education”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Souriyavingsa, Thongma & Rany, Sam & Lai Mei, Leong (2013): Factors Causes Students Low English Language Learning: A Case Study in the National University of Laos. International Journal of English Language Education  1 (1): 179-192. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization SEAMEO (2015): “Lao PDR – National Education System”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Unicef (2013): “At a glance: Lao People’s Democratic Republic”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Walthouse, Emily (2014): “Evolution of Education in Laos”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Weinberg, Meyer (2009): Asian-American Education. Historical Background and Current Realities. Oxon: Routledge.

Xayapheth, Chaphichith (2015): Changes in institutional governance and management of higher education in Laos: National University of Laos. PH. D Thesis. Minho: Biblioteca da Universidade do Minho.


On vocational training

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GiZ) GmbH (2015): „Vocational education in Laos (VELA)”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Khammounty, Bounseng (2011): Standards für die beruflichen Lehrkräfte in Laos P.D.R. Gestaltungsansätze für die Anpassung der beruflichen Lehreraus- und Weiterbildung. Dissertation. (accessed June 13, 2016)
Only available in German

Ministry of Education and Sports (2007): “Strategic Plan for the development of technical and vocational education and training from 2006 to 2020”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Offene Entwicklungshilfe (2015): „Projekte im Schwerpunkt Sekundärbildung“. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Times Reporters (2015): “Germany supports vocational education in Laos”. (accessed June 13, 2016)


English language education in Asia

ASEAN (2012): ASEAN 5-Year Work Plan on Education (2011-2015). Jakarta: ASEAN Secretariat.

Benson, Carol & Kosonen, Kimmo (2011): A Critical Comparision of Language-In-Education Policy and Practice in four Southeast Asian Countries and Ethiopia. In: Skutnabb-Kangas, Tove & Heugh Kathleen (ed.). Multilingual Education and Sustainable Diversity Work: From Periphery to Center. 111-  New York: Routledge.

Bigalke, Terance W. & Sharbawi Salbrina (ed.) (2015): English for ASEAN Integration: Policies and Practices in the Region. Brunei Darussalam: Universiti Brunei Darussalam.

Chang, Bok-Myung (2011): The roles of English language education in Asian context. Journal of Pan-Pacific Association of Applied Linguistics, 15 (1): 191-206.

Chea, Kagnarith & Klein, Alan & Middlecamp, John (2012): Adapting Textbooks to Reflect Student Needs in Cambodia and the ASEAN Region. Language Education in Asia, 3 (2): 218-229.

Choi, Yeon Hee & Lee, Hyo Woong (2008): Current Trends and Issues in English Language Education in Asia. The Journal of Asia TEFL, 5 (2): 1-34.

Chowdhury, R., Marlina, R. (2014). Enacting English Across Borders: Critical Studies in the Asia Pacific. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Dorner, Daniel G. & Gorman, G.E. (2006): Information Literacy Education in Asian Developing Countries: cultural factors affecting curriculum development and programme delivery. Official Journal of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions. 32 (4): 281-293. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Kam, H. (2002). “English Language Teaching in East Asia Today: An Overview”. Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 22 (2), 1-22

Kirkpatrick, A. (2010). English as a Lingua Franca in ASEAN: A Multilingual Model. Hong Kong: University Press.

Kirkpatrick, A. (2012). “English as an Asian Lingua Franca: the ‘Lingua Franca Approach’ and implications for language education policy”. Journal of English as a Lingua Franca, 1 (1), 121-139.

Kirkpatrick, A. (2012). „English in ASEAN: Implications for Regional Multilingualism”. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 33 (4), 331-344.

Kirkpatrick, A., Sussex, R. (2012). English as an International Language in Asia: Implications for Language Education. New York: Springer.

Muller, T. et al. (2012). Innovating EFL Teaching in Asia. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Nguyen, H., Nguyen, T. (2007). „Teaching English in Primary Schools in Vietnam”. Current Issues in Language Planning, 14 (1), 52-72

Nguyen, T. (2012). “English Language Policies for Vietnamese Primary Schools and Issues of Implementation in Rural Settings”. The Journal of Asia TEFL. Special Issue, 115-134.

Park, E., Spolsky, B. (Eds.) (2017). English Education at the Tertiary Level in Asia: From Policy to Practice. Abingdon-on-Thames: Routledge.

Park, G. (2017). Narratives of East Asian Women Teachers of English: Where Privilege Meets Marginalization. Bristol: Multilingual Matters Ltd.

Phan, T. (2009). “Impacts of Vietnam’s Social Context on Learner’s Attitudes Towards Foreign Languages and English Language Learning: Implications for Teaching and Learning”. The Asian EFL Journal, 11 (4), 134-153.

Spolsky, B., Sung, K. (Eds.) (2014). Conditions for English Language Teaching and Learning in Asia. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Stroupe, Richmond & Kimura, Kelly (ed.) (2015): ASEAN Integration and the Role of English Language Teaching. Phnom Penh: IELTS.

Widodo, H. et al. (Eds.) (2017). Asian English Language Classrooms: Where Theory and Practice Meet. Abingdon-on-Thames: Routledge.

Widodo, H. et al. (Eds.) (2017). Situating Moral and Cultural Values in ELT Materials: The Southeast Asian Context. New York: Springer.


General information on Lao politics, trade and other issues:

CIA World Factbook (2015): “East & Southeast Asia: Laos”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Fund for Peace (2015): “Country Data & Trends. Laos in 2015”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Vientiane Times (2015): “Lao Constitution”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

World Bank (2015): “Lao PDR”. (accessed June 13, 2016)


Foreign institutions and organizations involved in education in Laos:

Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (2015): “Basic Education Quality and Access in Laos PDR program”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Embassy of the United States Vientiane, Laos (2015): “English Language Programs”. (accessed June 13, 2016)


Global citizenship/ crossing cultural boundaries / acting cross-/transculturally

Block, D. (2007). Second Language Identities. London: Continuum

Boye, S. (2016). Intercultural communicative competence and short stays abroad: Perceptions of development. Münster: Waxmann.

Coverdale-Jones, T. (2012). Transnational Higher Education in the Asian Context. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Ellwood, C. (2011). „Undoing the knots: Identity transformations in a study abroad programme.” Educational Philosophy and Theory 43 (9), 960-978.

Hall, S. (Ed.) (1997). Representation: Cultural representations and signifying practices. London: Sage.

Haseltine, P., Ma, S. (Eds.) (2016). Doing English in Asia: Global Literature and Culture. Lexington Books.

Jackson, J. (2016). “Encountering unfamiliar educational practices abroad”.

In: D. Velliaris & D. Coleman-George (Eds.), Handbook of research on study abroad programs and outbound mobility (pp. 137-162). Hershey PA: Information Science Reference.

Kinginger, C. (2013). “Identity and language learning in study abroad”. Foreign Language Annals, 46 (3), 339-358.

Ong, A. (1999). Flexible Citizenship: The Cultural Logics of Transnationality. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Ricento, T. (2005). “Considerations of identity in L2 learning”.

In: E. Hinkel (Ed.), Handbook of research in second language teaching and learning (pp. 895-910). Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaurm.

Ryan, S. (2006). “Language learning motivation within the context of globalization: An L2 self within an imagined global community”. Critical Inquiry in Language Studies, 3 (1), 23-45.

Smolcic, E., & Katunich, J. (2017). “Teachers crossing broders: a review of the research into cultural immersion field experience for teachers”. Teaching and Teacher Education, 62, 47-59.

Tangen, D., Henderson, D., Alford, J., Hepple, E., Alwi, A., Shaari, Z., & Alwi, A. (2017). “Shaping global teacher identity in a short-term mobility programme”. Asia Pacific Journal of Teacher Education, 45 (1), 23-38.


Information on Laos for travelers:

Bush, Austin & Ellito, Mark & Ray, Nick (2011): Laos. Victoria: Lonely Planet Publications PTY Ltd.

Cooper, Robert (2008): The Lao, Laos… Vientiane: Lao-Insight Books.


Publications on the Lao language:

Center for Lao Studies (2016): “Sabaydii and Welcome!”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Enfield, N J (2006): Laos – language situation. In: Brown, Keith (ed.). Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, 698-700. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Lonely planet phrasebooks & Cummings, Joe (2008): Lao with comprehensive dictionary. Victoria: Lonely Planet Publications PTY Ltd.

Werner, Klaus (1998): Learning Lao for everybody. Bielefeld: Reise Know-How Rump GmbH.


History of Laos: 

Lambert, Tim (2015): “A short history of Laos”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Legacies of War (2015): “Secret War in Laos”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Scholl-Latour, Peter (2013): Der Tod im Reisfeld. Dreißig Jahre Krieg in Indochina (Neuauflage). Berlin: Ullstein Verlag.  Only available in German.

Stuart-Fox, Martin (2008³): Historical Dictionary of Laos (3rd edition). Lanham: Scarecrow Press Inc.
Also available on Google books: Historical Dictionary of Laos – google books. (accessed June 13, 2016)


Ethnic diversity:

IFAD (2012): “Country Technical Note on Indigenous Peoples’ Issues. Lao Peoples’ Democratic Republic”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

King, Elizabeth M. & Walle, Dominique van de (2007): Ethno-linguistic Diversity and Disadvantage. In: (accessed June 13, 2016)



Chen, K.H. (2010). Asia as method: Towards deimperialisation. Durham: Duke University Press.

Motha, S. (2014). Race, empire and English language teaching: Creating responsible and ethical anti-racist practice. New York: Teachers College Press.


Post-war conflicts:

George, Wiliam Lloyd (2010): “The secret army still fighting Vietnam war”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Lee, Gary Yia (2007): “Diaspora and the Predicament of Origins: Interrogating Hmong Postcolonial History and Identity”. (accessed June 13, 2016)

Rand, Nelson (2004): “Abandoned army. Insurgency in Laos”. (accessed June 13, 2016)


Lao picture books and reading scheme:

Big Brother Mouse (2006 ff.): “About us”. . (accessed June 13, 2016)


Asian English Journals

  • Asia Pacific Journal of Education
  • Education about Asia
  • The Earcos Triannual Journal
  • Asian Education and Development Studies
  • Music Education in Asia
  • Global Education Magazine
  • The Asian EFL Journal
  • UCLA-Language Materials Project
  • Teacher India
  • Teacher Review


May 2019

J.Zeck, I. Martin

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